Duplex 2205 (1.4507) and stainless steel weld neck flanges are characterized by their high yield strength, which is twice that of the annealed yield strength of typical austenitic stainless steels, like 304 (1.4301) and 316 ( 1.4401) stainless steel weld neck flanges. Because of this, Duplex 2205 (1.4507) steel are some of the most common grades of duplex used for weld neck flanges with Super Duplex 2507 (UNS S32750) (1.4410) weld neck flanges being the more corrosion resistant grade of the two. Usage of Duplex stainless steel should be limited to temperatures below 570° F as extended elevated temperature exposure can embrittle this material.
Duplex Steel Weld Neck Flanges are typically provided with a raised face, flat face, or RTJ facing. When a raised face is necessary for weld neck pipe flanges, the standard height is 1/16" for weld neck pipe flanges under 400 ( 2.4360)#. For weld neck pipe flanges of 400 ( 2.4360)# and up, the standard weld neck pipe flange raised face height is 1/4".
These Duplex Steel Weld Neck Flanges attach by welding the pipe to the neck of the flange. This transfers stress from the flange to the pipe instead. It also reduces the stress concentration from the base of the hub. Weld neck flanges are often used for applications where high pressure is a factor. The inside diameter of the flange is designed to match the pipe's inside diameter. Weld Neck Pipe flanges with a hub have published specifications that range from 1/2" thru 96". Our company provides these in all material grades, specifications and sizes.
Grade: 2205 (1.4507)
|Tensile strength||620MPa min||Density||7,805kg/m3|
|Yield strength||450MPa mi||Elastic modulus||200GPa|
Stainless Steel :
Grade: 304 (1.4301), 304L (1.4307), 304H (1.4948), 309 (1.4828), 309S, 310, 310S (1.4845) , 316 ( 1.4401), 316H, 316L( 1.4404 /1.4432) , 317, 317L (1.4438), 321 (1.4541), 321 H(1.4878), 347 (1.4550), 347H (1.4961), 904L (1.4539)
Grade: Nickel 200, Nickel 201
Super Duplex Steel:
Grade: 2507 (UNS S32750) (1.4410) (UNS S32750), Z100
Grade: Inconel 600 (2.4640), Inconel 601 (2.4851), Inconel 625 (2.4856), Inconel 718(2.4668)
Grade: Gr.1 (3.7025) , Gr.2 (3.7035) , Gr.3:(3.7055) , Gr.5(3.7164/65), Gr. 7(3.7235) , Gr. 11 (3.7225)
Grade: Monel 400 ( 2.4360), Monel K500, Monel R-405
Grade: Hastalloy B2, Hastalloy B3, Hastalloy C22, Hastalloy C276, Hastalloy X
Grade: Incoloy 800 (2.4958), Incoloy 800H, Incoloy 800HT
The manufacturing process of flange mainly is divided into forging, casting, cutting and rolling. .
The casting and forging flanges have advantages that the blanks of them have accurate shape, size and low costs and only need simple process. But forging flanges have manufacturing defects such as blowholes, cracks, etc and have not very smooth internal organization streamline. The obvious advantages of forging flanges are that they can be forged in various shapes and they have low costs. .
Forging flanges generally have lower carbon content than the casting flanges and are not easy to rust. They have smooth streamline, uniform internal organization, and better mechanical performance than that of casting flanges. There are no defects, such as blowholes and cracks existing in the casting flanges. Forging flanges are able to withstand higher shear and drawing forces than casting flanges. However, if adopting improper forging process, it will also cause appearance of large, uneven grains and solidification cracking phenomenon, resulting in higher cost than the casting flanges. .
We can distinguish between the casting flanges and forging flanges from the different production process. To take the centrifugal flange as an example, it is a kind of casting flange. Centrifugal flanges are produced by a precision casting method, which makes the flanges’ organization smaller than those commonly produced by sand casting and improves the quality of flanges, making fewer occurrences of loose tissue, pore, sand hole etc.
Cutting process refers to producing flanges by directly cutting a round plate with the inner diameter, outer diameter and thickness which can be further processed later from the middle plate, and then processing the bolt hole and waterline. The maximum diameter of such flanges is limited by the width of the middle plate.
Cutting process refers to producing flanges by cutting stripes from the middle plate and then rolling them into round shape. This process is mainly used for the production of large flange. After the rolling process, weld and then flatten the round shape, and finally process the serrated spiral finish and bolt hole.